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A Cockapoo is a cross breed dog. It is the cross of an American Cocker Spaniel or English Cocker Spaniel and a Poodle (in most cases a miniature poodle or toy poodle), or of two Cockapoos.

History – A Cockapoo can be the result of mating either the American Cocker Spaniel or English Cocker Spaniel with a Poodle. They have been known in the United States since the 1950s. The earliest known dictionary reference was a 1960 OED citation.[1] Purebred breed associations such as The Kennel Club, the American Kennel Club, the United Kennel Club, or the Canadian Kennel Club, do not recognize the Cockapoo, or any other crossbreed.

Health – Overall Cockapoos are usually healthy and happy dogs. As with a lot of smaller dogs they tend to be quite long-lived, and it’s not unusual for cockapoos to live to 15 years or more. However, both purebred poodles and cocker spaniels can suffer from luxating patellas (loose knees), and this can be passed on to their offspring. For this reason, an OFA (Orthopedic Foundation for Animals) exam is recommended to check for this problem before dogs are bred. Purebred poodles and cocker spaniels can also suffer from a number of eye disorders, including progressive retinal atrophy (PRA). A CERF (Canine Eye Registration Foundation) exam and DNA test for PRA should therefore be performed before breeding. Like many floppy-eared breeds, Cockapoos can be subject to ear infections, and it’s important to keep their ears clean and dry.

Characteristics – Cockapoos have become popular because they generally combine the outgoing, loving personality of the Cocker spaniel with the low-shedding, low-dander qualities of the Poodle. Cockapoos are intelligent and active, and thrive when they receive regular exercise.

Cockapoos also vary in color. They may be:

  • Black
  • Tan, beige, or buff
  • Red, including auburn and apricot colors
  • Brown, varying from light to dark
  • Sable, a brown color with tipping and shading in black
  • Cream
  • White
  • Silver
  • brindle
  • Phantom

Cockapoos can be one solid color or can have complex markings. They can be white with patches of any color. They can also have spots or freckles of color, called ticking.

Cockapoos are often active and agile.Cockapoos may also have a merle coat, where random portions are diluted to create a mottled appearance.[6] The coat of the Cockapoo will vary from dog to dog. Most will have a coat somewhere between the a Cocker Spaniel and a Poodle.However, some will have a coat more similar to the sleeker coat of the Cocker Spaniel, while others may have a curlier coat like a Poodle.

Cockapoo size and weight are a function of what type of dogs the parents were. Breeders usually use a toy or miniature poodle as the poodle parent.

The following table describes the weights,and heights of toy poodles, miniature poodles, cocker spaniels and cockapoos, using AKC standards and other information.

Breed Average Height Average Weight
Toy Poodle
10 inches (25 cm) or less
7 to 10 pounds (3.2 to 4.5 kg)
Miniature Poodle
10 to 15 inches (25 to 38 cm)
15 to 17 pounds (6.8 to 7.7 kg)
Cocker Spaniel
14 to 17 inches (36 to 43 cm)
25 to 34 pounds (11 to 15 kg)
Cockapoo
10 to 15 inches (25 to 38 cm)
12 to 24 pounds (5.4 to 11 kg)

 

There are currently three Cockapoo clubs in America that are working towards developing the Cockapoo by breeding successive generations, and establishing it as a recognized breed.

The American Cockapoo Club

The Cockapoo Club of GB

Cockapoo Club of America

North American Cockapoo Registry

Cockapoo in Germany